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Aug 19, 2019
People volunteering to clean up the Norfolk coast were shocked when to see that a couple of seals were suffocating among all the plastic waste. This news comes after the RSPCA claimed that the number of animals that have been affected by the plastic pollution crisis is at an all-time high. Back in 2015, about 473 accidents involving plastic and animals were recorded in the U.K alone, and now, the RSPCA has revealed that this number rose to 579 in 2018. Now, the Norfolk volunteers are starting a campaign to encourage citizens to help clean up the plastic rings laying in the sand that can potentially harm seals and other animals.
Aug 19, 2019
Now that NASA's Juno spacecraft has come back after spending the last eight years studying Jupiter, scientists have brand new information about this planet's history. Jupiter has always been considered the biggest planet of our solar system, so scientists have always been intrigued to study its core. Thanks to Juno's observations, researchers at NASA discovered that Jupiter's core doesn't look like they thought it would, instead, looked a lot less dense. After running numerous simulations, scientists concluded that it's most likely that Jupiter was slammed by a smaller planetary body when it was still forming, which would explain why the core isn't as dense and compact as it was previously thought.
Aug 19, 2019
Viviparous lizards who give birth to live offspring might be joining the list of endangered species that are set to go extinct in the next few years. Scientists from two different universities have teamed up to find how reproduction strategies in viviparous and oviparous lizards have evolved to determine their chances of survival regarding the current climate breakdown. Now, the researchers have revealed that viviparous lizards' ability to withstand and reproduce in cold places might play against them in the future since higher global temperatures could make it harder for this species to reproduce, which could ultimately lead to their extinction.
Aug 19, 2019
NASA is planning to take humans back to the moon by 2024, and the rocket that will be used for this mission is almost ready. Although they feared the 2024 launch date couldn't be met, NASA engineers started working harder on the Space Launch System, the giant rocket that will help power the spacecraft that will head to the moon. During a press conference, NASA chief Jim Bridenstine revealed that the engineers had completed 90% of the construction on the rocket. Moreover, Bridenstine explained this meant that the rocket would be ready according to the schedule and everything was looking well regarding the 2024 launch date.
Aug 19, 2019
NASA is one step closer to sending another rover to Mars after concluding a successful test. To prepare rovers for future space missions, space agencies carefully select places on Earth that imitate the conditions of the planet where the spacecraft will land. One of these places is Iceland's Lambahraun lava field which contains black basalt sand, wind-swept dunes and craggy peaks, and can help scientists determine if the rover is ready to be sent to Mars. NASA scientists explained that the Curiosity rover prototype that traveled through this lava field was indestructible and that thanks to its four wheels, two motors and a dozen small size car batteries it was ready for the 2020 mission to Mars.
Aug 16, 2019
After the number of dolphins that had washed up dead on Italian shores this year doubled the annual figure by August, scientists became deeply concerned. Researchers concluded that ten of the dolphins they had analyzed died due to a virus called cetacean mobillivirus. Moreover, the scientists explained that this infection made dolphins lose weight drastically and caused severe brain and organ damage. Researchers were also able to confirm that the dolphins presented a high presence of chemicals that suppresses their ability to fight the disease, which might explain why so many dolphins have died.
Aug 16, 2019
Scientists are concerned for the population of bees in Welsh after they found that a disease is threatening hives. American Foulbrood is the name of the disease, and it's caused by a spore-forming bacteria that gets transferred to bees via infected food. Moreover, scientists explained that this was the most widespread and destructive bee disease and that it had no cure. If experts detect the presence of the disease in a beehive, the only solution to prevent it from spreading, even more, is by destroying the bees and its honey, which worries scientists since this would mean that the more infected beehives they find, the more the population of bees will decline.
Aug 16, 2019
A team of researchers looked into the remains of prehistoric European cave bears and determined what drove them to extinction. Scientists studied around 59 cave bear mitochondrial genomes from bones that were collected for 14 different sites in Europe. Researchers found that during the Ice Age, European cave bears survived two different cold periods and several cooling events. However, when ancient humans started spreading throughout Europe, this species became extinct. Scientists revealed that the arrival of humans and the colonization of Europe is what made the population of these animals disappear around 40,000 years ago.
Aug 16, 2019
Four dogs have died after taking a swim in ponds that were contaminated with deadly algae. Throughout these summer months, toxic blue-green algae have spread across waterways in the U.K and have caused the death of not only four dogs, but a swan and a cygnet as well. Scientists explained that the blue-green algae contain cyanobacteria, which is responsible for releasing dangerous toxins that can harm a person's or an animal's liver. As of now, the presence of the algae has been confirmed in Sussex, Cheshire, Edinburgh and Northern Ireland and experts believe its appearance is the result of the recent rise in temperatures.
Aug 16, 2019
Since the most powerful countries continuously threaten each other with war, scientists wanted to determine what would happen to our environment if a nuclear war did unfold in the near future. Scientists used the latest technology to develop a climate model that imitated the scenario of nuclear war and compared their results to another atomic war climate model from 2007. Researchers found that if the U.S and Russia started a nuclear war, the Earth would be forced into a 10-year winter since nuke explosions would inject 147 million tons of soot into the atmosphere; it would blot out the light from the sun and force global temperatures to decrease to an average 16 degrees Fahrenheit.
Aug 16, 2019
A new study has revealed how plant growth across the world has decreased more than half since 1999. Scientists looked at four different global climate databases to determine how much has vegetation growth dwindled and what has caused it. After revealing that vegetation growth had declined by 59%, researchers discovered that it was due to a drop in the levels of water vapor since it helps plants with their photosynthesis. Plants photosynthesize with the sole purpose of absorbing sunlight, CO2, and water, which helps them grow, and since this process has halted in many vegetation areas, so has global vegetation growth.
Aug 16, 2019
Scientists have unveiled the new James Webb Space Telescope whose infrared technology would allow them to discover more mysteries about our galaxy. Since 2018, the TESS planet-hunting telescope has discovered numerous exoplanets that have intrigued scientists, and now, the next step is to learn more about these planetary bodies. Because of this, NASA has been working on designing a new telescope that would allow them to take a closer look into these exoplanets, which is why the space agency has created the James Webb Space Telescope that's set to launch in 2021.
Aug 16, 2019
Global shortages of bananas have occurred several times in our past, and the last one affected the Gros Michael banana in the 1920s. Now, it looks like the most popular type of banana, the Cavendish, is at risk of extinction thanks to a fungus called Panama Disease. Since 1990, Panama Disease started spreading worldwide, affecting the growth of bananas, and the only consolation back then was that the disease was staying away from America, home to the biggest Cavendish banana farms. However, this consolation didn't last for long, since Colombia recently proclaimed a national emergency because the fungus had arrived in the country's soil, meaning that a shortage of Cavendish bananas could happen soon.
Aug 16, 2019
September marks the period between summer and winter where Arctic ice is at its minimum, and because of the recent rise in temperatures, scientists tried to predict how the ice shelves will be affected this year. Researchers from the University of Cincinnati used statistical methods and climate model projections to determine at what point would the ice shelves go from slim to nonexistent. Researchers found that Arctic sea ice might vanish by September and it will all be due to global temperatures reaching the 2 degrees Celsius threshold. Having ice-free autumn this year only means that ice shelves in the Arctic will take longer to recover during winter which could be dangerous for this region's wildlife.
Aug 16, 2019
New data has revealed that the moon would appear brighter than the sun if we could see infrared lighting. Since 2008, NASA's Fermi telescope has been studying our neighbor satellite, and throughout this decade, the telescope has been able to spot how cosmic rays impact with the moon and interact with its powdery regolith surface. Now, NASA has released images of this phenomenon where gamma-ray emissions can be seen bursting from the moon. Moreover, NASA scientists explained that because of this phenomenon, the moon was brighter than the sun, and it just happens that our eyes can't see it.
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